How Common Is Strep Pneumonia?

Is Streptococcus pneumoniae the same as pneumonia?

Pneumonia can be caused by a variety of viruses, bacteria, and sometimes fungi.

Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae or strep.

S.

pneumoniae is also called pneumococcus..

Where is Streptococcus pneumonia found?

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacterium commonly found in the nose and throat. The bacterium can sometimes cause severe illness in children, the elderly and other people with weakened immune systems.

What part of the body does Streptococcus pneumoniae attack?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by common bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae) that can attack different parts of the body. When these bacteria invade the lungs, they can cause pneumonia; when they invade the bloodstream, they can cause sepsis; and when they invade the covering of the brain, they can cause meningitis.

What is the best treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Vancomycin is frequently the preferred drug for the treatment of severe penicillin-resistant pneumococcal infections outside the CNS and for patients with an IgE-type allergy to penicillin.

Can untreated strep throat lead to pneumonia?

Pneumonia (lung infection) Toxic shock syndrome (a rare but severe complication of strep pharyngitis, causing severe widespread infection and organ failure); and/or. Abscess formation around the tonsils and behind the throat (peri-tonsillar abscess and retro-pharyngeal abscess)

Does strep cause pneumonia?

Bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause pneumonia, too. People with bacterial pneumonia are usually sicker than those with viral pneumonia, but they can be treated with antibiotic medications.

What is the incubation period for Streptococcus pneumoniae?

The incubation period of pneumococcal pneumonia is short, about 1 to 3 days. Symptoms generally include an abrupt onset of fever and chills or rigors. Classically there is a single rigor, and repeated shaking chills are uncommon.

Who is most likely to get Streptococcus pneumoniae?

The incidence of pneumococcal disease is the highest in children < 2 years of age and in adults > 65 years of age. Other important risk factors are chronic heart and lung disease, cigarette smoking, and asplenia.

How does one get Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Causes. Many people carry the bacteria in their nose and throat without becoming ill. Streptococcus pneumoniae is spread from person to person by inhaling or direct exposure to the bacteria droplets through coughing or sneezing from an infected person.

How long does strep pneumonia last?

The contagious period varies and may last for as long as the organism is present in the nose and throat. A person can no longer spread S. pneumoniae after taking the proper antibiotics for 1-2 days.

How do you know if you have Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Symptoms can include fever, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, stiff neck, confusion, increased sensitivity to light, joint pain, chills, ear pain, sleeplessness, and irritability.

How is strep pneumonia treated?

Pneumococcal pneumonia caused by organisms that are susceptible or intermediately resistant to penicillin responds to treatment with penicillin, one million units intravenously every 4 hours, ampicillin, 1g every 6 hours, or ceftriaxone, 1g every 24 hours. Ease of administration favors the use of ceftriaxone.

Adults can also get group B strep infections, especially if they are 65 or older or already have health problems. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults. Antibiotics are used to treat strep infections.